The Iraqi parliament reactivates the Article 140 Constitutional Committee to compensate those affected by Saddam’s regime

The Iraqi parliament reactivates the Article 140 Constitutional Committee to compensate those affected by Saddam’s regime

On Thursday, Shakhwan Abdullah, the Second Deputy Speaker of Parliament, declared that the Constitutional Article 140 Committee will be reactivated to address the cases of individuals impacted by the previous regime.

During a press conference at the parliament building, Abdullah stated that the temporary committee in the House of Representatives has been reactivated to follow up on the work of the Article 140 Committee of the Constitution. This committee had been suspended for over 10 years, but the political blocs have now agreed to reactivate it. The press conference was attended by members of the Parliamentary Committee on Article 140 and a reporter from the Shafaq News agency.

During a recent discussion, he highlighted the fact that there are numerous transactions related to individuals impacted by the policies of the now-defunct regime, which fall under the purview of Article 140. Representatives from various governorates have brought to attention the abundance of files related to this matter. It has become apparent that the amount allocated by the government for compensation in the budget law for 2023 is inadequate to cover the necessary compensation.

According to the committee, Article 140 requires four trillion dinars but the budget allocation is only 100 billion dinars. After some efforts, another 100 billion dinars were transferred, making the total 200 billion dinars. The committee has implemented a mechanism to pay compensation.

According to Abdullah, the Article 140 Committee holds regular weekly meetings to promote its actual activation and accomplish its duties. These include creating necessary legislation and revoking any unjust decisions made by the Revolutionary Command Council that infringe upon the rights of people in numerous provinces.

Abdullah expressed his thanks to the government for voting on a bill to cancel the decisions of the Revolutionary Command Council.

During a recent statement, it was mentioned that the initial responsibility of the Article 140 committee would be to request and endorse the government’s draft law to secure the return of farmers’ rights. Additionally, a joint effort will be made with the government committee to guarantee access to the rightful payments of citizens in all regions, including the southern governorates that have yet to receive compensation, as well as the areas of Kirkuk, Diyala, and Nineveh.

Article 140 provides for the abolition of the policies of demographic change pursued by Saddam Hussein’s regime in the disputed areas in favor of the Arabs at the expense of the Kurds, and then a census of the population before the last step, which is to hold a referendum to determine the population according to whether they wish to join the Kurdistan Region or remain under the administration of Baghdad.

The implementation of the article was supposed to be finished by the end of 2007, but security and political issues hindered its progress. However, in 2019, the Federal Supreme Court upheld the validity of Article 140 of the Constitution of the Republic of Iraq and emphasized that it will remain in effect until its objectives are met and its purpose is achieved.