KTFA – Frank26 and KTFA “News and Views” Sunday 6-2-2024



Experts expect the dollar exchange rate to fall and reach parity with the official price


Financial experts expected the parallel dollar exchange rate to fall and reach parity with the official price.

The economic advisor to the Prime Minister, Mazhar Muhammad Saleh, confirmed that the dollar exchange rate in the parallel market was close to matching the official price, in conjunction with the increased ability of banks to meet the requirements of the Central Bank and its compliance with the rules of external transfer

While experts indicated in Financial Affairs indicated that, in accordance with government procedures and reforms through the application of the electronic currency transfer platform and the establishment of correspondent relations between Iraqi and foreign banks, its results may be reflected positively in controlling the parallel exchange rate and the black market. LINK


Professor Frank Gunter launches a new white paper on de dollarisation of Iraqi economy.

29th May 2024

‘Two Cheers for Iraq: The Dinar – Dollar Exchange Rate Challenges’ 

Professor Frank Gunter publishes a new paper commissioned as part of a series by IBBC’s advisory council on the challenges of de-dollarisation for Iraq. The Advisory Council members and IBBC members have actively contributed to the paper in the past 4 months. It will be presented online on the 18th June in a webinar and in person at the Spring Conference on 2nd July. The Arabic translation will be published soon.

Professor Gunter provides an analysis of the drivers of impact on the dinar exchange rate and examines how best to deal with the parallel market of dinars to dollars. He outlines the practical policy initiatives that should reduce the gap between the official and parallel exchange rates in the medium-term.

 In particular he lauds the Government of Iraq on its commitment to tackle corruption and to modernise the banking system in one fell swoop but warns of the pressure on the dinar exchange rate as budgets are overstretched and the new banking recipients (state banks) receive the liquidity to enable the economy to perform.

He writes ‘All three of these forces – the anti-corruption effort, the banking liberalization, and the lavish 2023-2025 budget – will create challenges for the management of the dinar exchange rate. One could argue that over the last two decades the Government of Iraq (GoI) had little control over its exchange rate; that exchange rate policy was determined by other sectors of the political economy in Iraq. But even if this is true, the level of the exchange rate and changes in that level are believed by many Iraqis and foreigners as providing valuable insight into the quality of economic management in Iraq.

This importance is exemplified by the current efforts to de-dollarize the Iraqi economy while there is excess demand for dollars. This excess demand is shown by a parallel exchange rate of roughly 1500 dinars per dollar compared to the official exchange rate of 1310 dinars per dollar.
An important cause of this exchange rate gap is that the GoI, with the strong encouragement of the U.S. Federal Reserve, is attempting to reduce the use of the U.S. dollar in both Iraq’s internal economy and its external transactions. Since 2003, the U.S. dollar has facilitated economic growth in Iraq by providing a widely accepted medium of exchange for purchases as well as a reliable store of value for savings. In the long run, whether de-dollarization will have a significant adverse impact on the Iraq economy will depend on how rapidly the GoI can increase both the efficiency of alternative mediums of exchange and the perceived security of alternative stores of value.’

The report is available here to download.


Together we build Iraq

The Iraq Britain Business Council brings together business, trade and investment from the UK and International companies, for the benefit of the Republic of Iraq and its members. Committed to a free, prosperous and diverse Iraq, IBBC creates strong relationships with Iraq, from Government to private companies, to benefit business, industry and the people of Iraq.




Visa unveils new digital products


Today as part of the annual Visa Payments Forum in the Central and Eastern Europe, Middle East and Africa region, Visa unveiled a package of new products and services that drive a radical transformation in card services and meet the future needs of its customers, consumers, merchants and financial institutions throughout the region. 

As payment methods have changed over the past five years from what they were previously, these new innovations will provide unique payment experiences to create a qualitative shift in commercial and financial activity, including e-commerce, in-store shopping, and money transfers.

“The dramatic acceleration in the growth of digital payments across the Central and Eastern Europe, Middle East and Africa (CEMEA) region has significantly transformed the way we pay and collect money online and in stores,” said Andrew Torrey, Visa’s Regional President for CEE, Middle East and Africa. “

As we continue our mission In shaping the future of commerce, we are pleased to support our customers, partners, consumers and merchants with the next generation of pioneering digital payment experiences and today we unveil new card features and digital innovations that will provide consumers and merchants with more personalized, convenient, secure and comprehensive solutions.”

Visa offers a range of innovative solutions that support digital identity, seamless payment experiences, flexible payments, accepting digital payments for microbusinesses, and protecting the security of account-to-account payments. Additionally, Visa announced the launch of its new payments-as-a-service platform, Visa Pay, which provides world-class mobile experiences for digital payments and intra-remittance transfers across the Central and Eastern Europe and Middle East Africa regions. This platform includes a comprehensive set of payment capabilities, and allows banks to deploy innovative and rapid solutions including digital card issuance requests, payment initiation order management, click-through payment, fraud and risk management, digital wallet platforms, and many more.

The new products and services Visa unveiled today, which will begin rolling out later this year, include:

Flexible Visa credentials

The provision of flexible credentials from Visa will allow customers to switch between different payment methods using a single card, providing greater choice for customers who can now set specific payment criteria or choose one of the payment methods that include debit cards, credit cards, or pay in four instalments. , redeem reward points, or even pay in another currency. This service is scheduled to be available in the Central and Eastern Europe, Middle East and Africa regions in the coming months.

Accepting payments from micro business owners

With an estimated 120 million formal and informal small and micro business merchants unable to accept digital payments in the CEE region, Visa is developing new ways to enable digital payments using virtual cards and credentials. In this context, the company this year will provide new methods of payment via mobile devices to all merchants, including:

* USSD Push Payments: Allows digital payments via any mobile phone that supports this feature.

* Small Business Owner Acceptance: This allows money to be transferred from consumer to merchant through smartphone devices.

* Mobile tap: Any device can now become a point of sale (POS) by simply tapping a card or digital credential.

Visa Payment Passkey Service

Identifying people in the digital world has become very complex; This has naturally led to a significant increase in fraud, with online payment fraud today being seven times higher than in-person payments.

Based on the latest Fast Verification of Identity Online (FIDO) standards, the Payment Passkey service can confirm a consumer’s identity and enable online payment through a quick scan of their biometrics such as their facial features or fingerprint. Visa passkeys replace one-time passwords or codes when shopping online, allowing for more seamless and secure transactions. This service also confirms the consumer’s identity without interrupting the payment process, as well as enhancing security levels and reducing friction when paying digitally – through any device or website – globally.

Click to pay

Visa has launched Click to Pay to provide a more seamless and secure payment experience on a broader scale, where consumers only need their email, phone number or Visa payment passkey to complete online payments. Additionally, Visa will collaborate with card issuers in several markets around the world to enable Click to Pay and Visa Payment Passkey services on new Visa cards, reducing manual entry of card details and passwords from the moment you start using the card. The Click to Pay service is available today in the Central and Eastern Europe, Middle East and Africa regions.

Visa Protection for Account-to-Account (A2A) Payments

Visa processes more than 200 billion transactions annually and analyzes 500 data elements in each transaction to detect and stop fraud in real time. By collaborating with real-time payments (RTP) networks around the world and leveraging decades of experience, Visa is working to use artificial intelligence to reduce fraudulent attempts in account-to-account payments across these networks. Visa’s P2P protection service has already identified 60% of fraud across real-time payments channels, which financial institutions in the UK and Latin America had not previously detected. This service is scheduled to be available in the Central and Eastern Europe, Middle East and Africa regions in the coming months.

Visa Pay platform

Visa Pay is a payments-as-a-service platform that allows banks to quickly launch a range of new digital services for consumers and sellers through their mobile banking apps to stay ahead of consumers’ digital preferences. This platform enables digital card issuance applications, payment initiation order management, pay-per-click, risk and fraud management, tokenization, digital wallet platforms, and issuer processing through a partner.

This platform allows banks to enhance their applications on mobile phones, as consumers will enjoy world-class user experiences via mobile phone to complete digital payments and financial transfers, as well as enhance security levels and reduce fraud attempts. The Visa Pay platform is scheduled to be launched in the Central and Eastern Europe, Middle East and Africa regions in the coming months.   INK


In the document.. The House of Representatives will vote next Monday on the budget schedules


 Representative Mustafa Sanad announced that the House of Representatives intends to vote on the financial budget tables for the year 2024.
Sanad published a copy of the session’s agenda and limited it to voting on the budget schedules, indicating that it will be held at three o’clock in the afternoon.

Sanad said, “The Finance Committee has not voted on the schedules and has not prepared its report” yet


Republic of Iraq House of Representatives

The fifth electoral session, the third legislative year, the first legislative term

In the name of God, the most gracious, the most merciful

Agenda for session No. (27), Monday, June 3, 2024

Republic of Iraq House of Representatives

Reading verses from the Holy Quran

– Voting on the amended schedules of the Federal General Budget Law No. (13) 2024

Attached are tables (A/B/C/D/E/F). (Finance Committee).

The session begins at three in the afternoon    LINK



Parliamentary Finance confirms the readiness of the budget tables for voting in Monday’s session


The Parliamentary Finance Committee announced its readiness to present the federal financial budget schedules for the year 2024 in the Parliament session next Monday.

The head of the committee, Atwan Al-Atwani, said in a statement, a copy of which {Al-Furat News} received, “For days, the committee has continued to study and review the 2024 budget schedules, in detail, in order to complete them in the optimal manner, and to ensure the necessary financial allocations for all sectors,” adding, “After a series of meetings Intensive, during which we hosted the relevant ministers, today we are about to complete the task of discussing and reviewing the details of these schedules, in accordance with the Federal General Budget Law for the years (2023-2024).”

Al-Atwani continued, “The Finance Committee confirms its readiness to present its final report to the House of Representatives in next Monday’s session dedicated to approving the budget schedules and its annexes,” reiterating “the great keenness to enable the federal government to implement its service and development plans and programs in a manner consistent with its government program that the House of Representatives voted on.”

We also affirm our full support for local governments, by increasing their financial allocations and ensuring the continuity of funding for projects with the aim of improving the reality of services in all governorates.”  LINK