Iraqi News Highlights and Points to Ponder Monday AM 3-11-24

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Iraqi News Highlights and Points to Ponder Monday AM 3-11-24

OPEC Warns Of The Disappearance Of Oil: This Is What Its Repercussions Will Be

Arab and international   Economy News – follow up  The Secretary-General of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), Haitham Al-Ghais, warned of the repercussions of the disappearance of oil in the future.

Al-Ghais said in his article, “If oil disappeared tomorrow, there would be no jet fuel, gasoline, or diesel. Internal combustion engine cars, buses, and trucks would be stranded. Planes would stop, diesel-powered freight and passenger railways would stop, and people would not be able to travel.”

“Go to work, children will not be able to go to school, the shipping industry, which transports goods and passengers, will be devastated, there will be no point in calling emergency services, and the majority of ambulances, fire trucks, police cars, rescue helicopters and other emergency vehicles will be idle.”

He added: “Most phones and computers will also disappear because their plastic components are derived from oil, so it will be difficult to find a way to communicate with emergency services,” noting: “The construction sector will also stop, as diesel-powered vehicles will break down, and excavators, bulldozers, dump trucks, and cranes will remain.”

Cement mixers, vibrating rollers and compact cranes are out of service, and it will not be possible to build new homes or buildings or carry out vital maintenance work.”

He continued: “If oil disappears tomorrow, petroleum products will disappear with it, and this would affect the production of electric cars, and with supply chains disrupted, the structure of lithium batteries will also be affected, as the lithium battery consists of four parts, and the separators are microporous membranes, made Usually from petroleum-based polyethylene or polypropylene products, the petroleum-derived synthetic rubber used in car and bicycle tires will cease to exist.

Lawns, harvesters, balers, sprayers, and seeders will stop working, and the food containers needed for storage and preservation will not be available. Petroleum coal, a by-product of oil refining, is used as a feedstock in the manufacture of synthetic fertilizers, which are important in increasing crop productivity. This will likely result in food shortages.

He went on to say: “If oil disappears tomorrow, it will be catastrophic for health services everywhere, employees will lack the ability to move, and basic supplies will be stranded,” pointing out that “petroleum is an essential raw material for medicines, plastics, medical supplies, latex gloves, and pipes.”

Medical, medical syringes, adhesives, some bandages, antiseptics, hand sanitizers, cleaning supplies, prosthetics, artificial heart valves, resuscitation masks, stethoscopes, MRI scanners, insulin pens, injection bags, drug packaging, face masks, equipment Personal protection is largely derived from petroleum-based materials.”

He stated that “equipment used in medical research, such as microscopes, test tubes, and protective glasses, usually contains components derived from petroleum.

The chemical structure that produces aspirin begins with benzene derived from petroleum, where benzene is converted into phenol, which in turn is converted into salicylic acid, then… It is converted into acetylsalicylic acid, which the world knows as aspirin, and it is difficult to imagine a modern hospital without this group of essential petroleum products.”    https://economy-news.net/content.php?id=41342

Will The Decisions Of The Federal Court Affect The Form Of The Oil And Gas Law? .. A Foreign Report Reveals

Economy News – Baghdad   A report by the American energy news site, Oil Price, indicated that discussions are still ongoing between the federal government in Baghdad and the Kurdistan Regional Government about drafting a draft oil and gas law at a time between the Federal Court’s decision that Baghdad should be responsible for marketing, and this may have some impact on companies’ contracts. International oil companies operating in the region.

The economic expert, Simon Watkins, mentions in his report that a series of legal decisions issued by the Federal Supreme Court on February 21 show the broad outlines on which the oil and gas law that the Baghdad government is working on will be built, which will likely bring about a change in the mechanisms of exporting oil from the fields of the Kurdistan region. The same applies to the working conditions of Western oil companies operating there.

The economic expert, Watkins, points out that the Federal Court recommended that the regional government hand over the export mechanisms and financial resources to the central government through the State Oil Marketing Company (SOMO), and even if there is another mechanism for export, the financial returns will be transferred to the central government and in return, The central federal government is responsible and obligated to pay the salaries of public sector employees in the region.

The expert points out that this context will be different from the previous payment budget for oil revenues agreed upon between the regional government and the central government of Baghdad, which dates back to November 2014.

The agreement stipulated that the regional government would export no less than 550 thousand barrels per day of the oil produced. From its fields through the oil marketing company SOMO. In return, Baghdad allocates 17% of the federal budget.

This agreement was later canceled through an understanding reached between the regional government and the new federal government that was formed in the August 2018 elections and was established in the 2019 budget law.

This requires that the federal government transfer sufficient amounts of budget amounts to pay the salaries of the region’s employees in addition to financial compensation.

Another, in exchange for the regional government handing over the export of no less than 250 thousand barrels per day through the oil marketing company SOMO. This agreement was also marred by some implementation failures.

The report notes that, according to the regional government, it has the authority, through Articles 112 and 115 of the Constitution, to manage oil and gas extraction operations from fields in the region that were not in production in 2005, the year that was written in the Constitution and voted on by referendum.

In addition, the territorial government insists that Paragraph 115 states that it has the authority and authorization to sell oil and gas and receive resources for what is exported. The regional government also highlights that the Constitution gives it priority, in the event of a dispute, to refer to the law of the region and governorates.

However, the central government and SOMO Oil Marketing Company insist that Article 111 of the Constitution stipulates that oil and gas are public wealth for all the people in the region and governorates.

The report states that Russian and Chinese oil companies operate in oil and gas fields in southern and northern Iraq in the Kurdistan region, in addition to Western oil companies.

On August 3 of last year, the new federal government under the authority of Prime Minister, Muhammad Shia al-Sudani, stated that the new unified oil law would govern the mechanisms of oil and gas production and investment in both federal Iraq and the Kurdistan region and would contribute to being a strong factor for unifying Iraq.

The Iraqi Oil Minister, Hayyan Abdul Ghani, had confirmed during his participation in the Al-Rafidain Forum in Baghdad last week that discussions on the oil and gas project would be held with the Kurdistan region.

Minister Abdul Ghani said, “We held more than one meeting to discuss this issue in Erbil and Baghdad to prepare a draft of the oil and gas law according to the federal government’s agenda.”

The minister added that a draft of the law had previously been prepared, but officials in the region asked to discuss the draft with all its provisions. The review of many of the basic provisions had been completed, but the discussions stopped due to the occurrence of several incidents.

Abdul Ghani said that the Ministry of Oil held discussions with the Kurdistan region to prepare a draft oil and gas law, and a draft was prepared for this purpose and submitted to the federal government in accordance with the country’s constitution. – https://economy-news.net/content.php?id=41344

Will The Oil And Gas Law Have An Impact On Oil Companies Operating In The Region?

Posted On 03-11-2024 By Sotaliraq   Translated by / Hamed Ahmed  A report by the American energy news website, Oil Price, indicated that discussions are still ongoing between the federal government in Baghdad and the Kurdistan Regional Government about drafting a draft oil and gas law at a time between the Federal Court’s decision that Baghdad should be responsible for marketing, and this may have some impact on companies’ contracts. International oil companies operating in the region.

The economic expert, Simon Watkins, mentions in his report that a series of legal decisions issued by the Federal Supreme Court on February 21 show the broad outlines upon which the oil and gas law that the Baghdad government is working on will be built, which will likely bring about a change in the mechanisms for exporting oil from the fields of the Kurdistan region. The same applies to the working conditions of Western oil companies operating there.

The economic expert, Watkins, points out that the Federal Court recommended that the regional government hand over the export mechanisms and financial resources to the central government through the State Oil Marketing Company (SOMO), and even if there is another mechanism for export, the financial returns will be transferred to the central government, and in return, The central federal government is responsible and obligated to pay the salaries of public sector employees in the region.

The expert points out that this context will be different from the previous budget payments for oil revenues agreed upon between the regional government and the central government of Baghdad, which dates back to November 2014.

The agreement stipulated that the regional government would export at least 550,000 barrels per day of oil produced from its fields through the oil marketing company SOMO. In return, Baghdad allocates 17% of the federal budget.

This agreement was later canceled through an understanding reached between the regional government and the new federal government that was formed in the August 2018 elections and was based in the 2019 budget law.

This requires that the federal government transfer sufficient amounts of budget funds to pay the salaries of the region’s employees, in addition to other financial compensation in exchange for the regional government’s delivery of exports of no less than 250,000 barrels per day through the SOMO oil marketing company. This agreement was also marred by some implementation failures.

The report indicates that, according to the regional government, it has the authority, through Articles 112 and 115 of the Constitution, to manage oil and gas extraction operations from fields in the region that were not in production in 2005, the year that was written in the Constitution and voted on in a referendum.

In addition, the territorial government insists that Paragraph 115 states that it has the authority and authorization to sell oil and gas and receive resources for what is exported.

The regional government also highlights that the constitution gives it priority, in the event of a dispute, to refer to the law of the region and governorates. However, the central government and SOMO Oil Marketing Company insist that Article 111 of the Constitution stipulates that oil and gas are public wealth for all the people in the region and governorates.

The report states that Russian and Chinese oil companies operate in oil and gas fields in southern and northern Iraq in the Kurdistan region, in addition to Western oil companies.

On August 3 of last year, the new federal government under the authority of Prime Minister, Muhammad Shia al-Sudani, stated that the new unified oil law would govern the mechanisms of oil and gas production and investment in both federal Iraq and the Kurdistan region and would contribute to being a strong factor for unifying Iraq.

The Iraqi Oil Minister, Hayyan Abdul Ghani, had confirmed during his participation in the Al-Rafidain Forum in Baghdad last week that discussions on the oil and gas project would be held with the Kurdistan region.

Minister Abdul Ghani said, “We held more than one meeting to discuss this issue in Erbil and Baghdad to prepare a draft of the oil and gas law according to the federal government’s agenda.”

The minister added that a draft of the law had previously been prepared, but officials in the region asked to discuss the draft with all its provisions. The review of many of the basic provisions had been completed, but the discussions stopped due to the occurrence of several incidents.

Abdul Ghani said that the Ministry of Oil held discussions with the Kurdistan region to prepare a draft oil and gas law, and a draft was prepared for this purpose and submitted to the federal government in accordance with the country’s constitution. About Oil Price   LINK

Provoking Points to Ponder on Decisions 

Faith … acts promptly and boldly on the occasion, on slender evidence.  – John Henry Cardinal Newman

A decision is an action you must take when you have information so incomplete that the answer does not suggest itself.  – Arthur Radford

She knew in her heart that to be without optimism, that core of reasonless hope in the spirit, rather than the brain, was a fatal flaw, the seed of death.  – Anne Perry

When faith is supported by facts or by logic it ceases to be faith.  – Edith Hamilton

How far would Moses have gone if he had taken a poll in Egypt?  – Harry S. Truman

Better to be without logic than without feeling.  – Charlotte Bronte

The will to be totally rational is the will to be made out of glass and steel: and to use others as if they were glass and steel.  – Marge Piercy


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